Published : 2018-12-23 16:11:32
Categories : Councils to sleep well
How to react to nocturnal epilepsy ?
Epilepsy is an unpredictable disease, its trigger is still quite unknown scientists. Its manifestation is often disturbing especially for those who attend the scene like the relatives for example. The epileptic seizure can occur at any time, but when it comes in the middle of the night, it's total anxiety, you never know how to deal with it. Here is some information to note about this disease as well as the reactions to adopt during the night crisis.
All about epilepsy
Epilepsy is a nerve disease that is manifested by seizures and loss of consciousness. This disease can occur in all age groups, but the most common case occurs in adolescents and the smallest. According to the studies carried out, nearly 500,000 people are affected by this neurological disease in France. This disease can occur at any time, it can become a real handicap on the professional and social level.
Epileptic seizures are a kind of disease caused by dysfunction known by the brain in neurons. This dysfunction prevents neurons from functioning normally, causing a kind of short circuit in the brain. This dysfunction can occur several times, which explains the frequent repetition of epileptic seizures.
Causes of epilepsy
The manifestation of epilepsy is caused by various varied and complex reasons. In general, they are caused by a lesion in the spine. Yet, there are epilepsies that are said to be uninjured. In the elderly, this disease can be caused by brain damage following a stroke including stroke.
On the one hand, disruption of metabolism, vascular disorders of the nervous system, the presence of tumors can also cause epilepsy. On the other hand, there are also genetic epilepsies called idiopathic epilepsies. Currently, there is no curative care for epilepsies, antiepileptic drugs are only for the relief of seizures.
How to deal with nocturnal epileptic seizures ?
In general, epileptic seizures occur in three stages. First, the patient knows a loss of consciousness and a fall. Then, his whole body begins to shake suddenly and in the end, he remains unconscious for a long time. It is therefore imperative to stay with the patient during his seizures to avoid any major risks related to his unintentional movements.
Most epilepsies occur during sleep. Indeed, there are epilepsies that manifest themselves in a specific moment in a sleep cycle. Thus, idiopathic epilepsies usually appear at the beginning or end of sleep. Partial epilepsies occur during light sleep or during the sleep-wake transition.
Since epileptic seizures occur during a specific sleep cycle, there are steps that can be taken to help the patient overcome them. Indeed, it is possible to assist him from the beginning of the crisis so that he does not hurt himself during his fall. You have to empty all the objects around you that can hurt you during convulsions. To avoid shocks against the ground, it is better to put a cushion under his head at the beginning of his sleep or at the end of sleep according to his sleep cycle and the repetition of seizures.
Many people put a spoon under the patient's tongue during his seizures to avoid the bites of the tongue. This is hardly advisable since he can swallow it during convulsions.